Michel Sapin served as Minister of Finance from 1992 to 1993 and from 2014 to 2017. On August 30, 2016, the duties of the Minister of the Economy were added to Sapin’s remit. He thus became the Minister for the Economy and Finance. He was also Minister of the Civil Service from 2000 to 2002 and Minister of Labour, Employment and Social Affairs from 2012 to 2014. Sapin has also served as a member of the National Assembly of France.
Michel Sapin attended Paris-Sorbonne University, where he received a B.A. in History and an MPhil in Geography. He then attended the École Normale Supérieure, the Institut d’études politiques de Paris, and the École nationale d’administration (ENA). He graduated from the ENA as part of the Promotion Voltaire. He started his career as an administrative law judge.